Pendennis Castle English Heritage castles and monuments in CornwallPendennis Castle

Falmouth, Cornwall TR11 4LP
Tel. 01326 316594
Fax. 01326 319911
Map Ref: SW 827315
50.14722°N 5.04777°W

Location: Pendennis headland, half mile from Falmouth town centre. 'Land Train' Service from town (summer). Castle signposted from the town.

How to get there: Road: On Pendennis Head 1m SE of Falmouth.
Train: stops at Falmouth Docks.

 

Pendennis Castle gatewayPendennis Castle - Govenors bedroomPendennis Castle has defended the anchorage of the Carrick Roads for over 450 years. Today you re-visit the castle's history from Tudor times to the re-fortification in both world wars. Along with a museum and discovery centre are displays of coastal defence armament and access to the former secret installations.

In the late 1530's Henry VIII was under threat of war from France and Spain because he had divorced his Catholic wife, Catherine of Aragon. As a consequence, Henry set about the fortification of the whole of England's south coast.

Between the years 1540 and 1545, the River Fal, had two forts constructed to guard its wide entrance - St Mawes on the east bank and Pendennis on the west. St Mawes had a great deal of effort put into its construction, with quality stone and decorative carvings. Pendennis, on the other hand, was a simple round tower and gate enclosed by a lower curtain wall.

During the reign of Elizabeth I, an extra wall was constructed - encircling the structure, and bastions were built at Pendennis. In the year 1595, the Spanish attacked Mounts Bay - Newlyn and Penzance.

The garrisons at Pendennis and St Mawes, were hurriedly reinforced and improved in preparation for the coming Spanish Invasion. However the Spanish invasion never came and the only attacks on the castles were from the English during the Civil War.

The historic siege of Pendennis Castle began in 1646 when parliamentary forces attacked the fortress from both land and sea. They quickly cut the castle's lines of communication and supplies with trenches and gun positions, running from Gyllyngvase on the west across to the area that currently is occupied by the docks.

Cromwell's Roundheads set up headquarters in Falmouth at Arwenack House, the burnt out home to the Killigrew family. The Garrison at Pendennis under the command of the 80 year old Sir John Arundel and assisted by Sir Henry Killigrew ( Member of Parliament), held out for six months, being reduced to eating horse and dog meat before their final surrender to the Parliamentarian force. Pendennis had been the penultimate stronghold - after Raglan Castle -in the country to hold out for the King, after earlier giving sanctuary to Queen Henrietta Maria, and the Prince of Wales (Charles II), before their escape to France.

The location of the castle high on the hill overlooking the surrounding area and town gave the defenders a great advantage, enabling them to hold out for so long against the Parliamentarian force. St Mawes, on the opposite bank was in a weaker position strategically - built half way up the hill, purely as as a seaward deterrent, the castle had no defence from a land based attack. The governor at St Mawes immediately surrendered to the Parliamentarian forces. Both forts were part of Britain's coastal defence system during both World Wars.

The castle has a Discovery Centre, which allows visitors to explore the fascinating history of the castle, complete with interactive displays and activities, including an exhibit on Tudor battles. There are many medieval re-enactments staged at Pendennis. A Land Train' runs from Falmouth to the castle car park during the summer months.

 

Properties near Pendennis Castle

Cornwall Online has 19 Character properties offering Accommodation in this area

Anacapri
Falmouth

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Anacapri

Bed & Breakfast With stunning sea views over Falmouth Bay and situated opposite Gyllyngvase Beach this charming Bed and breakfast has bar and sun terrace.Car Park on site
Anacapri   AA, CTB member,, SWT, FHA  AA 4 star Tel: 01326 311454

Cornwall Waterfront Homes
St Mawes

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Cornwall Waterfront Homes

Self Catering Enjoy stunning sea views from your own private balcony with one of Cornwall Waterfront Homes two exclusive luxury apartments located on the harbour front in St. Mawes. Its the perfect location to relax and unwind! A choice of 2 waterside self catering apartments (sleeping 2 and 6 persons)
     Tel: 01872-580751

Country View Cottages
Newquay / Perranporth and Mawnan Smith / Falmouth

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Country View Cottages

Self catering + Camping + Glamping Luxury Family Friendly Holiday Cottages and Glaming yurts with onsite heated swimming pools Cornwall. A fantastic selection of 19 privately owned Self Catering Holiday Cottages located in peaceful rural surroundings of North and South Cornwall - sleeping 2 to 6 people
     Tel: 01637 874020

Eden House - St Keverne
St Keverne

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Eden House - St Keverne

Bed & Breakfast Eden House Bed & Breakfast is a Grade II listed 18th century former vicarage located in the popular village of St Keverne on the Lizard Peninsula and offers traditional comfort and original features in an idyllic setting. Far reaching views across open countryside to Falmouth Bay
     Tel: 01326 280675

Falmouth Holiday Homes
Falmouth

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Falmouth Holiday Homes

Self Catering Falmouth Holiday Homes offer a wide range of luxury self catering retreats, ranging from modern apartments right on the Pier, pretty seaside cottages and loftstyle apartments right up to sprawling mansions with swimming pools and direct beach access. We welcome dogs in many properties, provide all linen and towels and supply highchairs and travel cots.
Falmouth Holiday Homes      Tel: 07717 000040

Flushing Holiday Cottages
Falmouth

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Flushing Holiday Cottages

Self Catering Flushing Holiday Cottages offer a choice of self catering cottages in the pretty village of Flushing. Our character cottages are carefully chosen to ensure your accommodation is of the highest standard, all houses have WiFi, well equipped kitchens, comfortable beds and most have wood-burners. The village has a choice of pubs, a shop and a fabulous seafood restaurant and is extremely dog-friendly.
Flushing Holiday Cottages      Tel: 07717 000040

Gadles Farm Cottages
Truro

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Gadles Farm Cottages

Self Catering Two delightful self-catering holiday cottages, each sleeping 4/5. Situated in the perfect location for exploring Cornwalls countryside, gardens, coasts, sailing waters and cycle trails. Beautiful rural setting on a Cornish working farm. Large enclosed garden, private parking
  Visit England / Quality in Tourism  4 & 5 star Tel: 01872 863214

Ginentonic Holiday Cottage
St Keverne

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Ginentonic Holiday Cottage

Self catering Detached 2 bedroom Holiday Home in the thriving village of St Keverne - a period property with wood burning stove and central heating. 1 Double and 1 single bedrooms. Appointed to a high standard the cottage is as private as you want, but Kevin and Claire - the owners are close by for any help you may need. There is a BBQ in the courtyard.
  Visit Britain  4 star Tel: 01326 280986

Little Tolmennor Barn
Breage, nr. Helston

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Little Tolmennor Barn

Self catering Helston, on the Lizard Peninsula, is ideally located for exploring South West Cornwall. A delightfully restored stone building that is secluded and cosy in its countryside setting -located at the end of a country lane, the views over Tregonning Hill are lovely and the entire property is secluded and peaceful. Sleeps 2 people
     Tel: 01736 763250

Old Temperence House B&B
St Keverne

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Old Temperence House B&B

Bed & Breakfast Old Temperance House, in St Keverne Square, is a lovingly renovated, Period Village House. For B & B, we have 4 En Suite Bedrooms (weekly rates available), plus a pretty Self Catering Cottage sleeping 3.
  Quality in Tourism / Visit England  4 star Silver Award Tel: 01326 280986

Rosemullion House
Falmouth

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Rosemullion House

Bed & Breakfast Built as a gentlemans residence in the latter part of the 19th Century, Rosemullion Hotel offers you a holiday that is every bit as distinctive as its Tudor appearance. (NB Adults Only)
  AA  4 stars Tel: 01326 314690

Sea View Holiday Park
Kennack Sands, Lizard Peninsula

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Sea View Holiday Park

Self Catering Static Caravan + Self Catering + Holiday Park Seaview Holiday Park is a family run site with outstanding sea views and countryside views, near to Kennack Sands beach. An ideal location where a warm welcome and relaxing holiday awaits you.9 Holiday Chalets and 15 Holiday Caravans
Sea View Holiday Park   CTB member,  3 Star Tel: 01326 290635

Simply Sea Views
based in Porthleven

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Simply Sea Views

Self catering Holiday Cottages with sea Views in Cornwall - Simply Sea Views has a range of holiday cottages From cosy fishermens cottages overlooking bustling harbours to contemporary retreats set over golden Cornish beaches, we have a sea view for everyone. Holiday cottages sleeping 4, 5, 6 and 10 people
     Tel: 01326 741090

Spinnaker
Cadgwith, Helston

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Spinnaker

Self catering Spinnaker Holiday home sleeping 6 people with wonderful sea views , looking out across the pretty village of Cadgwith and out to sea. There is always something to watch be it the fishing boats, the large ships further out or the flocks of sea birds-3 bedrooms, 1 double, 1 twin and 1 ground floor twin with ensuite.
     Tel: 01872 560538

The Bridgedeck
Falmouth

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The Bridgedeck

Self Catering Superior Five Star self catering waterside apartment overlooking the harbour and Falmouth estuary waters beyond - This penthouse holiday apartment must be the ultimate in self-catering accommodation. Positioned at the waters edge overlooking the marina & harbour. Furnished & equipped to a very high standard. Sleeps 6
The Bridgedeck   Visit England / Quality in Tourism  5 star Gold Award Tel: 01749 870 230

The Cabin, Packet Quays
Falmouth

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The Cabin, Packet Quays

Self Catering Luxurious waterside apartment. Superb position overlooking the harbour, ideal for town and beaches. Sailing facilities nearby. Sleeps 2. Furnished to a high standard. Private parking with two adjacent car parking spaces available in a gated garage
     Tel: 01209 860268

The Riverside
Helford

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The Riverside

Self catering This charming, very well equipped, comfortable house is a special place to enjoy your well earned break. Much more than you would normally expect from holiday accommodation. Boats and cleaning service included. Six double bedrooms - sleeps 6 to 16 people - (smaller groups welcome - there is no need to fill it)
     Tel: 01865 400825

Trewince Holiday Lodges
Portscatho

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Trewince Holiday Lodges

Self Catering + Camping Trewince holiday lodges with sea views and indoor Pool on the south coast of Cornwall. Self catering and Timeshare holiday accommodation: a well-kept secret on the Roseland Peninsula. 20 holiday lodges sleeping up to 6 people
Trewince Holiday Lodges   Quality in Tourism/Visit England  3 and 4 star Tel: 01872 580289

Woodbury Farm B&B
Truro

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Woodbury Farm B&B

Bed & Breakfast Riverside Holiday Accommodation. Woodbury Farm offers high quality en-suite Bed and Breakfast with stunning views, ideal for those looking for quiet secluded accommodation, centrally placed for touring. Separate guest lounge with Sky TV, tea & coffee making facilities and ample parking. Three bedrooms - Double Ensuite - Double Ensuite - Twin Ensuite
     Tel: 01872 277240

 
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